3 Serious Types Of Lung Infections And Their Treatments

There are many different types of respiratory infections. Throat, sinuses, lungs, and airways are among the organs these conditions may impact. People of all ages have them, and they’re not usually serious. But if you have them frequently, it may be a sign of a more serious health problem.

Medical professionals distinguish between upper and lower respiratory infections when classifying these illnesses. Infections of the throat and sinuses are common in people with upper respiratory infections, including sore throats, sinusitis, and a runny nose, to name a few.

More serious and longer-lasting lower respiratory infections are the norm. These illnesses impact your lungs and airways, and Bronchitis and pneumonia are two of the most common.

What’s the Difference Between an Upper and a Lower Respiratory Infection?

A person’s respiratory system consists of various organs, including the nose, sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs. When a person has an upper respiratory tract infection, the upper respiratory tract is afflicted, while the lower respiratory tract is unaffected.

Upper Respiratory Infection

The common cold, mild flu, tonsillitis, laryngitis, and sinus infection are all examples of upper respiratory infections. The most frequent sign of an upper respiratory infection is a cough. A runny or stuffy nose, a sore throat, sneezing, aches in the muscles, and a headache are all symptoms of a lung infection.

Infection of the Lower Respiratory System

Infections of the lower respiratory system can affect the lungs or airways that you breathe through. They can be caused by bacterial or viral illnesses, such as the flu or tuberculosis. Shortness of breath, chest tightness, and wheezing on exhalation are signs of a lower respiratory infection. A strong cough that produces mucus (phlegm) is one of the most common symptoms.

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Bordetella pertussis, the germ that causes whooping cough (pertussis), is to blame. Chest infections are known to cause uncomfortable and sometimes impossible-to-breathe coughing fits. Coughing fits cause a whooping sound caused by a sick person sucking in the air. Pertussis is a contagious disease that can affect anyone, but infants are particularly vulnerable.

Adults and children should get the pertussis vaccine. Infants and others can be protected from whooping cough by using this vaccine. Beginning at two months of age, children can get vaccines given in a series of four at regular intervals, with the final dose administered between four and six.

Swine Flu (The H1N1)

The Influenza-A virus is responsible for the swine flu (H1N1). The genetics of a virus allows it to infect a certain species, such as a human, a cat, a dog, or a monkey, for example. Swine flu is named because the H1N1v viruses that cause swine flu share genetic similarities with pig-infecting viruses.

Fever, sore throat, chills, muscle, joint discomfort, and an overall sense of being sick (malaise) are all possible symptoms of swine flu, just like any other seasonal flu. Vomiting and diarrhea are also possible side effects of this lung infection.

Swine Flu Vaccination

The swine flu vaccine comes in an injection or nasal spray, depending on your preference. The swine flu vaccine is a “killed viral” vaccine administered as an injection. The H1N1 virus vaccine, administered as a nasal spray, is a weakened “live viral” Vaccination (attenuated). Swine flu vaccinations operate by exposing patients to a small dosage of the virus, which aids in the development of their immunity against the disease. This is the case in both cases. Vaccination for swine flu can begin at the age of six months.

Bird Flu (Avian Flu H5N1)

The influenza A virus is also responsible for the avian (bird) flu. An increasing number of cases of human influenza have been linked to viruses with high and low pathogenicity that have been identified in birds, namely the LPAI H7N9 and HPAI H5N1 strains. With bird flu, many people have been exposed to sick birds and their droppings or have direct contact with someone who has bird flu.

Symptoms of bird flu include a high temperature, a runny or stuffy nose, a sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Bird flu has the potential to be deadly. Approximately 40% of those infected with H7N9 and 50% of those infected with H5N1 die due to complications from the illness.

Treatment for the Avian Influenza Virus

You may be administered antiviral medicine to treat avian flu. A stay in an intensive care unit with supportive treatments such as mechanical ventilation and oxygen delivery is typically required for patients with severe infections.

Vaccination Against the Avian Flu

Bird flu can be prevented by avoiding sources of exposure, such as chicken farms, aviaries, or coops that have been infected. The US government has an H5N1 vaccine on hand in case of an outbreak of bird flu; however, it is not generally recommended as a season flu vaccine.

You can book an appointment with the best Pulmonologists in Lahore through Marham.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1- Why do I keep getting lung infections?

Repeated infections can be caused by factors in your environment and your lifestyle, such as contact with other people who have been infected (especially those who are coughing or sneezing). Allergens and other irritants pollute the air and use secondhand smoke and tobacco.

2- Why do I get chest infections every year?

Because the body cannot fight infection (for example, due to an antibody deficit), there is structural damage to the lungs, leading to a recurrence of chest infections (for example, from bronchiectasis).

3- What are recurrent respiratory infections?

Allergy symptoms include fever, a runny or stuffy nose, and sneezing. Recurrent respiratory tract infections are more than six severe illnesses yearly (RRI).

By Master James

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts